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Movements

  • Christian Coalition: Topic Page
    US right-wing political pressure group founded in 1989 by the television evangelist Pat Robertson. The Christian Coalition aims to ‘stop the moral decay of government’ and to promote the election of ‘moral’ legislators. MORE
  • Creationism
    From The Columbia Encyclopedia
    Or creation science, belief in the biblical account of the creation of the world as described in Genesis, a characteristic especially of fundamentalist Protestantism. MORE
  • Feminist theology
    From The Reader's Companion to U.S. Women's History
    Feminist theology is a recently recognized type of theological reflection whose major development has taken place in the United States, although it is becoming increasingly global and multi faith. MORE
  • Fundamentalism: Topic Page
    In Protestantism, religious movement that arose among conservative members of various Protestant denominations early in the 20th cent., with the object of maintaining traditional interpretations of the Bible and of the doctrines of the Christian faith in the face of Darwinian evolution, secularism, and the emergence of liberal theology. MORE
  • Intelligent design
    From The Columbia Encyclopedia
    Theory that some complex biological structures and other aspects of nature show evidence of having been designed by an intelligence. MORE
  • Liberation theology: Topic Page
    A development of Christian doctrine that began in the 1960s in Latin America, which emphasizes a commitment to liberation from social, political and economic oppression, based on the belief in Christ’s own mission to help the underprivileged and disadvantaged. MORE
  • Postmodernism: Topic Page
    Term used to designate a multitude of trends—in the arts, philosophy, religion, technology, and many other areas—that come after and deviate from the many 20th-cent. movements that constituted modernism. MORE
  • Process theology
    From The Hutchinson Unabridged Encyclopedia
    In Christianity, an attempt to absorb evolutionary ideas into theology and philosophy by seeing God as part of a wider evolutionary drive towards greater fulfilment and perfection in all aspects of existence. MORE

Modern Theologians

  • Billy Graham (1918 - )
    From The Columbia Encyclopedia
    American evangelist, Graham was ordained a minister in the Southern Baptist Church, was the pastor of a Chicago church, and in 1944 became an evangelist for the American Youth for Christ movement. MORE
  • Dietrich Bonhoeffer (1906 - 1945)
    From Cambridge Dictionary of Christian Theology
    Dietrich Bonhoeffer (1906–45) was a German Lutheran pastor and theologian who began his career as a promising academic, but is chiefly remembered for his leadership in the Confessing Church movement and his involvement in a political conspiracy to assassinate A. Hitler (1889–1945), for which he was executed. MORE
  • Helmut Richard Niebuhr (1894 - 1962): Topic Page
    Born in Wright City, Missouri, he taught at Yale from 1931, becoming professor of theology and Christian ethics and director of graduate studies. Like his brother, Reinhold Niebuhr, he had enormous influence on generations of students. MORE
  • Jurgen Moltmann (1926 - )
    From Chambers Biographical Dictionary
    He was born in Hamburg. A professor at Wuppertal (1958-63), Bonn (1963-67) and Tübingen (1967-94, now emeritus), he is best known for his influential trilogies, Theology of Hope (1967), The Crucified God (1974) and The Church in the Power of the Spirit (1977), for The Trinity and the Kingdom of God (1981). MORE
  • Karl Barth (1886 - 1968): Topic Page
    Swiss Protestant theologian who advocated a return to the principles of the Reformation and the teachings of the Bible. MORE
  • Paul Tillich (1886 - 1965): Topic Page
    American philosopher and theologian, b. Germany, educated at the universities of Berlin, Tübingen, Halle, and Breslau. In 1912 he was ordained a minister of the Evangelical Lutheran Church. He taught theology at the universities of Berlin, Marburg, Dresden, and Leipzig and philosophy at the Univ. of Frankfurt until he was dismissed in 1933 because of his opposition to the Nazi regime. MORE
  • Reinhold Niebuhr (1892 - 1971): Topic Page
    American religious and social thinker. A graduate of Yale Divinity School, he served as pastor of Bethel Evangelical Church in Detroit, where he became deeply interested in social problems. MORE
  • Rudolf Bultmann (1884 - 1976): Topic Page
    German Lutheran theologian and New Testament scholar. He was a professor at Marburg University 1921-51, and during the Third Reich played a leading role in the Confessing Church, a Protestant anti-Nazi movement. MORE
  • Wolfhart Pannenberg (1928 - )
    From Who's Who in Christianity
    He was born in Stettin (now Poland), and became professor of systematic theology at Wuppertal, Mainz, then Munich (1967-94). His best-known work is Jesus - God and Man (1964, Eng trans 1968), which opposes Rudolf Bultmann's programme of demythologization. MORE
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