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This is the "Early Christianity" page of the "History Credo Reference" guide.
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Last Updated: Nov 14, 2017 URL: Print Guide RSS UpdatesEmail Alerts

Early Christianity Print Page

Religious Figures

  • Jesus Christ: Topic Page
    1st-century Jewish teacher and prophet in whom Christians have traditionally seen the Messiah [Heb.,=annointed one, whence Christ from the Greek] and whom they have characterized as Son of God and as Word or Wisdom of God incarnate. MORE
  • John the Baptist
    From The Columbia Encyclopedia
    Jewish prophet, considered by Christians to be the forerunner of Jesus. He was the son of Zacharias and Elizabeth, who was also a kinswoman of Mary, the mother of Jesus, and his birth was miraculously foretold. MORE
  • Paul, the Apostle, Saint (CA. 2-67 CE)  
    From Chambers Biographical Dictionary
    He was brought up to be a rabbi by Gamaliel at Jerusalem; he also acquired the trade of tentmaker. A strenuous Pharisee, he took an active part in the persecution of Christians, including St Stephen. He was on his way to Damascus on this mission when a vision of Jesus Christ converted him into a fervent adherent of the new faith. MORE
  • St. Peter
    From The Columbia Encyclopedia
    Most prominent of the Twelve Apostles, listed first in the Gospels, and traditionally the first bishop of Rome. MORE
  • Virgin Mary: Topic Page
    In the New Testament, the mother of Jesus through divine intervention (see Annunciation and Virgin Birth), wife of Joseph. The Roman Catholic Church maintains belief in her Immaculate Conception (birth without original sin) and bodily assumption into heaven, and venerates her as a mediator. MORE

Political Figures

  • Claudius (BCE 10 - CE 54): Topic Page
    Full name Tiberius Claudius Drusus Nero Germanicus. 10 BC-54 AD, Roman emperor (41-54); invaded Britain (43); poisoned by his fourth wife, Agrippina. MORE
  • Herod: Topic Page
    Dynasty reigning in Palestine at the time of Jesus. As a dynasty the Herods depended largely on the power of Rome. They are usually blamed for the state of virtual anarchy in Palestine at the beginning of the Christian era. MORE
  • Nero (37 - 68): Topic Page
    Full name Nero Claudius Caesar Drusus Germanicus; original name Lucius Domitius Ahenobarbus. 37-68 AD, Roman emperor (54-68). He became notorious for his despotism and cruelty, and was alleged to have started the fire (64) that destroyed a large part of Rome. MORE
  • Pontius Pilate
    From Who's Who in the New Testament
    Pontius Pilate was the fifth Roman procurator of Judea, Samaria, and Idumea, governing from the year 26 to 36, during which time he was officially responsible for the condemnation of Jesus on a charge of sedition, to be crucified in about the year 30. MORE
  • Tiberius (BCE 42 - CE 37): Topic Page
    The Roman emperor whose years of rule ( AD 14–37) include the ministry and crucifixion of Jesus. MORE
  • Vespasian (9 - 79): Topic Page
    Latin name Titus Flavius Sabinus Vespasianus. 9-79 AD, Roman emperor (69-79), who consolidated Roman rule, especially in Britain and Germany. He began the building of the Colosseum. MORE

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