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Last Updated: Nov 14, 2017 URL: http://libguides.warner.edu/HistCredo Print Guide RSS UpdatesEmail Alerts

Hist. of Christianity Print Page
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Restricted Access Note

 The following are restricted to current Warner University students, faculty, and staff.

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Major Themes

  • Atonement: Topic Page
    The reconciliation, or "at-one-ment," of sinful humanity with God. In Judaism both the Bible and rabbinical thought reflect the belief that God's chosen people must be pure to remain in communion with God. The Bible prescribed Temple sacrifice for the removal of sin and uncleanliness. MORE
  • Eschatology: Topic Page
    Doctrines of the end of time. Christian eschatology concerns the end of this Earth and of time; the resurrection of the dead; the Antichrist; the return of Jesus Christ to overthrow the Antichrist; and the culmination of history with the destruction of this world. MORE
  • Free will: Topic Page
    The power of making choices without the constraint of fate or some other uncontrollable force, regarded as a human characteristic. MORE
  • Homoousious
    From The Cambridge Dictionary of Philosophy
    A concept central to the Christian doctrine of the Trinity, enshrined in the Nicene Creed of A.D. 381. It attests that God the Son (and by extension the Spirit) is of one and the same being or substance (ousia) as the Father. MORE
  • Logos: Topic Page
    In Greek and Hebrew metaphysics, the unifying principle of the world. The central idea of the Logos is that it links God and man, hence any system in which the Logos plays a part is monistic. MORE
  • Predestination: Topic Page
    In theology, doctrine that asserts that God predestines from eternity the salvation of certain souls. So-called double predestination, as in Calvinism, is the added assertion that God also foreordains certain souls to damnation. MORE
  • Sin: Topic Page
    Transgression of the will of God or the gods, as revealed in the moral code laid down by a particular religion. MORE
  • Theotokos
    From Late Antiquity: A Guide to the Post-Classical World
    Theotokos, a title given to the Virgin Mary, literally means in Greek “the one who bore God” but is commonly translated as “Mother of God.” MORE
  • Trinity: Topic Page
    In Christianity, the union of three persons - God the Father, God the Son, and God the Holy Spirit/Holy Ghost - in one Godhead. The precise meaning of the doctrine has been the cause of unending dispute, and was the chief cause of the split between the Eastern Orthodox and Roman Catholic churches. MORE

Notable Eras

  • Counter-Reformation: Topic Page
    16th-century reformation that arose largely in answer to the Protestant Reformation; sometimes called the Catholic Reformation. Although the Roman Catholic reformers shared the Protestants' revulsion at the corrupt conditions in the church, there was present none of the tradition breaking that characterized Protestantism. MORE
  • Early Christianity
    From Houghton-Mifflin Encyclopedia
    By the 1st century b.c.e., JUDAISM had been diffused in the Roman Empire, with Jews residing mainly in Palestine and in the cities of the east. MORE
  • Enlightenment: Topic Page
    The scientific and intellectual developments of the 17th cent [...] fostered the belief in natural law and universal order and the confidence in human reason that spread to influence all of 18th-century society. MORE
  • Inquisition: Topic Page
    In the early Middle Ages investigation of heresy was a duty of the bishops. Alarmed especially by the spread of Albigensianism (see Albigenses), the popes issued increasingly stringent instructions as to the methods for dealing with heretics. MORE
  • Middle Ages: Topic Page
    Period in Western European history that followed the disintegration of the West Roman Empire in the 4th and 5th cent. and lasted into the 15th cent., i.e., into the period of the Renaissance. MORE
  • Reformation: Topic Page
    Religious and political movement in 16th-century Europe to reform the Roman Catholic Church, which led to the establishment of the Protestant churches. MORE
  • Renaissance: Topic Page
    Period in European cultural history that began in Italy around 1400 and lasted there until the end of the 1500s. Elsewhere in Europe it began later, and lasted until the 1600s. MORE
  • Revivalism
    From Encyclopedia of the United States in the Nineteenth Century
    Nineteenth-century America was framed by revival movements, with the Second Great Awakening occurring at the beginning of the century and a widespread premillennialism (the expectation of the second coming of Christ) at the end. MORE
  • The Patristic Period
    From The Cambridge Dictionary of Philosophy
    A group of early Christian authors originally so named because they were considered the “fathers” (patres) of the orthodox Christian churches. The term is now used more broadly to designate the Christian writers, orthodox or heterodox, who were active in the first six centuries or so of the Christian era. MORE
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