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Last Updated: Nov 14, 2017 URL: Print Guide RSS UpdatesEmail Alerts

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  • Spain: Topic Page
    Officially Kingdom of Spain, constitutional monarchy (2005 est. pop. 40,341,000), 194,884 sq mi (504,750 sq km), including the Balearic and Canary islands, SW Europe. It consists of the Spanish mainland (190,190 sq mi/492,592 sq km), which occupies the major part of the Iberian Peninsula; of the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean Sea; and of the Canary Islands in the Atlantic Ocean.
  • Christopher Columbus: Topic Page
    Italian by birth, hired by the Spanish in 1492 by the Catholic monarchs of Spain, Isabella and Ferdinand for a transatlantic expedition.
  • Civil War, Spain: Topic Page
    The civil war in Spain from 1936 to 1939 in which insurgent nationalists, led by General Franco, succeeded in overthrowing the republican government.
  • Conquistadors: Topic Page
    The Spaniards who participated in the conquests in the Americas.
  • Coronado, Francisco Vásquez de, 1510-1554: Topic Page
    Spanish explorer and conquistador.
  • Cortés, Hernán: Topic Page
    Spanish Conquistador and conqueror of Mexico.
  • Francisco Franco: Topic Page
    Spanish general and caudillo [leader].
  • Inquisition: Topic Page
    Tribunal of the Roman Catholic Church established for the investigation of heresy.
  • Isabella I: Topic Page
    Isabella I or Isabella the Catholic, 1451-1504, Spanish queen of Castile and León (1474-1504).
  • Peninsular War: Topic Page
    From 1808-14, a war fought by France against Great Britain, Portugal, Spanish regulars, and Spanish guerrillas in the Iberian Peninsula.
  • Ponce de León, Juan, 1460?-1521: Topic Page
    Spanish soldier and explorer. He is believed to have sailed to the Americas with Christopher Columbus in 1493, and served in Hispaniola 1502–04. He conquered Puerto Rico in 1508, and was made governor in 1509. In 1513 he was the first European to reach Florida.
  • Spanish Armada: Topic Page
    Fleet sent by Philip II of Spain against England in 1588. Consisting of 130 ships, it sailed from Lisbon and carried on a running.
  • Spanish-American War
    From The Columbia Encyclopedia
    Brief conflict between Spain and the United States arising out of Spanish policies in Cuba. It was, to a large degree, brought about by the efforts of U.S. expansionists.
  • Vespucci, Amerigo, 1451-1512: Topic Page
    Spanish explorer after whom the continent of America was named.
  • War of the Spanish Succession: Topic Page
    From 1701-14, the last of the general European wars caused by the efforts of King Louis XIV to extend French power.

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