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This is the "French Literature and Thought - General" page of the "History Credo Reference" guide.
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French Literature and Thought - General Print Page


Literary History

  • Poetry of France
    From The Princeton Encyclopedia of Poetry and Poetics
    I. Medieval to Early Modern
    II. Early Modern to 20th Century
  • French Literature
    From The Columbia Encyclopedia
    French literature, writings in medieval French dialects and standard modern French. Writings in Provençal and Breton are considered separately, as are works in French produced abroad (as at Canadian literature, French).


  • L'Académie française: Topic Page
    The work of the French Academy has chiefly consisted of the preparation and revision of a dictionary (1st ed. 1694, 9th ed. 1992–) and of a grammar. The very conservative attitude of these books toward orthography, new words, and grammatical development has led to much criticism.
  • Institut de France: Topic Page
    Cultural institution of the French state. Founded in 1795 by the Directory, it replaced five learned societies that had been suppressed in 1793 by the Convention.

Timeline of French History

  • 1000 - 1300: Growth of the Kingdom of France
    From The Encyclopedia of World History
    FRANCE: THE CAPETIAN KINGS (987-1328) Direct line of the Capetian house (the dynasty continued until 1792).
  • 1300 - 1500
    From The Encyclopedia of World History
    1314-16 LOUIS X (the Quarrelsome). The real ruler was Louis's uncle, Charles of Valois. A reaction against the monarchy forced concessions from the king.
  • 1500 - 1650
    From The Encyclopedia of World History
    1483-98 CHARLES VIII. Death of the duke of Brittany (1488) called forth a coalition of the empire.
  • 1643 - 1787: National Patterns
    From The Encyclopedia of World History
    Monarchs: Louis XIV (1643 to 1715), Louis XV (1715 to 1774), Louis XVI (1774 to 1792).
  • 1799 - 1815: Napoleonic Period
    From The Encyclopedia of World History
  • 1815 - 1848: Restoration
    From The Encyclopedia of World History
  • 1847 - 1852: Revolutions in Europe
    From The Encyclopedia of World History
    1847-48 The banquets. A series of political banquets (see related events) planned by Liberals and Republicans throughout France aimed at gaining support for opposition parties.
  • 1852 - 1871: The Second Empire
    From The Encyclopedia of World History
    1852, Jan 1 Louis-Napoleon (Napoleon III) became emperor by decree of the Senate and by plebiscite.
  • 1852 - 1871: The Second Empire
    From The Encyclopedia of World History
    1870, Sept. 4 The empire was overthrown.
  • 1944 - 2000: The Contemporary Period
    From The Encyclopedia of World History
    1944, Aug. 23-24 German forces in Paris were compelled to capitulate.

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