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This is the "Architecture" page of the "History Credo Reference" guide.
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Last Updated: Nov 14, 2017 URL: Print Guide RSS UpdatesEmail Alerts

Architecture Print Page



  • Orders of architecture: Topic Page
    In classical tyles of architecture the various columnar types fall, in general, into the five so-called classical orders, which are named Doric, Ionic, Corinthian, Tuscan, and Composite. MORE
  • Aqueduct: Topic Page
    [Lat.,=conveyor of water], channel or trough built to convey water, chiefly for providing a densely populated region with a supply of freshwater. The flow in aqueducts is ordinarily by means of gravity, although pumps are often used. MORE
  • Arch: Topic Page
    The spanning of a wall opening by means of separate units (such as bricks or stone blocks) assembled into an upward curve that maintains its shape and stability through the mutual pressure of a load and the separate pieces. MORE
  • Column
    from The Columbia Encyclopedia
    Vertical architectural support, circular or polygonal in plan.
  • Forum: Topic Page
    Market and meeting place in ancient Roman towns in Italy and later in the provinces, corresponding to the Greek agora. By extension the word forum often indicates the meeting itself in modern usage. MORE

Classical Orders of Architecture

  • Corinthian order: Topic Page

    Most ornate of the classic orders of architecture. It was also the latest, not arriving at full development until the middle of the 4th cent. B.C. MORE
  • Doric order: Topic Page

    Earliest of the orders of architecture developed by the Greeks and the one that they employed for most buildings. MORE
  • Ionic order: Topic Page

    One of the early orders of architecture. The spreading scroll-shaped capital is the distinctive feature of the Ionic order; it was primarily a product of Asia Minor, where early embryonic forms of this capital have been found. MORE


  • Acropolis: Topic Page
    [Gr.,=high point of the city], elevated, fortified section of various ancient Greek cities. The Acropolis of Athens, a hill c.260 ft (80 m) high, with a flat oval top c.500 ft (150 m) wide and 1,150 ft (350 m) long, was a ceremonial site beginning in the Neolithic Period and was walled before the 6th cent. BCE by the Pelasgians. MORE
  • Colosseum: Topic Page
    Also known as the Flavian amphitheatre, the Colosseum in Rome was the largest of the ancient amphitheatres. Elliptical in plan, it measures 188 × 156 m and is 48.5 m in height (620 × 515 × 160 ft). MORE
  • Hadrian's wall: Topic Page
    Line of fortifications built by the Roman emperor Hadrian across northern Britain from the Cumbrian coast on the west to the North Sea on the east. MORE
  • Parthenon: Topic Page
    [Gr.,=the virgin's place], temple sacred to Athena, on the acropolis at Athens. Built under Pericles between 447 and 432 BCE, it is the culminating masterpiece of Greek architecture. MORE

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