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History Credo Reference  

Last Updated: Jul 26, 2017 URL: Print Guide RSS UpdatesEmail Alerts

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Ancient Civilizations


  • Peloponnesian War: Topic Page

    War fought 431-404 BCE between Athens and Sparta and their respective allies, involving most of the Greek world from Asia Minor to Sicily and from Byzantium (present-day Istanbul, Turkey) to Crete. MORE
  • Trojan War: Topic Page
    In Greek mythology, war between the Greeks and the people of Troy. The strife began after the Trojan prince Paris abducted Helen, wife of Menelaus of Sparta. MORE


  • Roman Empire: Topic Page

    Mediterranean empire formed (ca. 27 BCE) by Augustus after the assassination (ca. 44 BCE) of Julius Caesar. Its power centre was ancient Rome. MORE
  • Athens: Topic Page
    Capital city of Greece and of ancient Attica; population (2003 est) 747,300, urban agglomeration 3,247,000. MORE
  • Sparta: Topic Page
    City of ancient Greece, capital of Laconia, on the Eurotas (Evrótas) River in the Peloponnesus. MORE
  • Troy: Topic Page
    Ancient city in Asia Minor (modern Hissarlik in Turkey), just south of the Dardanelles. MORE



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