Useful resources 1Useful Resources 2
PeoplesAncient HistoryEarly HistorySlavery and ColonialismIndependence and After
Middle and Near EastMesopotamian ReligionsClassicalPre-Classical EraNotable PeopleGreek PantheonRoman PantheonAsiaAfrica and EgyptEgyptian PantheonAfrican ReligionsEuropeCeltic MythologyNorse MythologyAmericasMesoamerican ReligionsNative American ReligionsClassics - LiteratureHistoryPhilosophy and ScienceArchitectureMythology
Middle EastAsia
UK GeographyAncient HistoryCeltic MythologyNorman Conquest to RestorationEarly Modern Era20th Century
20th CenturyEnglandFranceFrench Literature and Thought - GeneralPre-17th Century17th and 18th Century19th Century20th CenturyGermanyItalyRussia & Eastern EuropeSpain
Early ChristianityLate AntiquityControversy & CrusadesRenaissance & ReformationEnlightenment & RevivalismModern Era
Judaism - General InformationTerms & Concepts
Country ProfilesGeographyCulture
This is the "Celtic Mythology" page of the "History Credo Reference" guide.
Alternate Page for Screenreader Users
Skip to Page Navigation
Skip to Page Content

History Credo Reference  

Last Updated: Nov 14, 2017 URL: Print Guide RSS UpdatesEmail Alerts

Celtic Mythology Print Page

Gaelic Deities

  • Brigid
    From Bloomsbury Dictionary of Myth
    Brigid ('high one'), in Celtic myth, was the name given to all three daughters of the sky-god Dagda and his queen Dana. MORE
  • Dagda
    From The Bloomsbury Dictionary of Myth
    The Dagda ('good god'), in Celtic myth, was the son of Eladu, god of knowledge, and chief of the original supernatural inhabitants of Ireland, the people of light. MORE
  • Danu
    From The Hutchinson Unabridged Encyclopedia
    In Celtic mythology, the mother-goddess and land-goddess. MORE
  • Ethlinn
    From Brewer's Dictionary of Irish Phrase and Fable
    (also Ethniu or Eithne). In Irish mythology, the daughter of Balor of the Evil Eye, who is kept from the sight of men shut up in a crystal tower on Tory Island by her father to prevent the fulfilment of a prophecy that he would die at the hands of his grandson. MORE
  • Manannan Mac Lir
    From Bloomsbury Dictionary of Myth
    Manannan MacLir ('Manannan son of Lir'), or Manawydan ab Llyr, in Celtic myth, was the god of the sea. He ruled either from an underwater palace or from the heart of a beautiful magic island, Tir Tairnigiri ('land of promise') or the Isle named Man after him. MORE
  • Morrigan
    From Bloomsbury Dictionary of Phrase and Fable
    The Morrigan ('great queen'), in Celtic myth, was one of three supernatural sisters: the others were Badb and Macha. MORE
  • Oisin
    From Brewer's Dictionary of Phrase and Fable
    The son of the hero FIONN MAC CUMHAIL. The name signifies ‘fawn’, a reminder that his mother SADB was for a time a deer. He marries a fair-haired stranger called Eibhir. MORE

Gaulish Celtic Deities

  • Cernunnos
    From Bloomsbury Dictionary of Myth
    Cernunnos ('horned one'), in Celtic myth, was a fertility god, ruler of wild beasts. He lived in the forests, where he either sat cross-legged in state, surrounded by his creatures. MORE
  • Epona
    From Bloomsbury Dictionary of Myth
    Epona, in Celtic myth, was the strength of the Earth made manifest as a horse. MORE
  • Lugus
    From The Macmillan Encyclopedia
    One of the principal Celtic gods. In Ireland he was called Lug and was skilled in many fields. MORE
  • Rosmerta
    From Bloomsbury Dictionary of Myth
    Rosmerta ('great provider'), in Celtic myth, was the goddess of plenty. MORE
  • Taranis
    From The Hutchinson Unabridged Encyclopedia
    In Celtic mythology, god of the sky and thunder. His emblems are lightning and the wheel. MORE

Welsh Deities

  • Branwen Ferch Llyr
    From The Welsh Academy Encyclopaedia of Wales
    The story of Branwen, daughter of Llŷr, in the second branch of the Mabinogi (see Mabinogion, The), relates that by consent of her brother Bendigeidfran, king of the Isle of the Mighty, she is given in marriage to Matholwch. MORE
  • Ceridwen
    from Brewer's Dictionary of Phrase and Fable
    The Welsh goddess of poetic inspiration. She is the mother of TALIESIN and is depicted as the hag aspect of the mother goddess. She is said to have prepared the cauldron of knowledge.
  • Llyr
    From Britannica Concise Encyclopedia
    In Celtic religion, the leader of one of the two warring families of the gods. MORE
  • Myrddin
    From The Welsh Academy Encyclopaedia of Wales
    Legendary material about Merlin, or rather, Myrddin, has been preserved in a series of vaticinatory, or prophetic, poems attributed to him in The Black Book of Carmarthen. MORE
  • Rhiannon
    From The Welsh Academy Encyclopaedia of Wales
    A character in the first and third branches of the Mabinogi (see Mabinogion, The) whose name derives from the Celtic Rīgantōna (Divine Queen). In the first branch, Rhiannon becomes the wife of Pwyll, prince of Dyfed. MORE
  • Taliesin
    From Bloomsbury Dictionary of Myth
    Taliesin ('shining brow'), in Celtic myth, was a powerful wizard and bard. He was born as Gwion, a humble farm-boy, without inspiration. MORE

Terms & Concepts

  • Cormac Mac Art
    From Brewer's Dictionary of Irish Phrase and Fable
    A semi-historical HIGH KING who probably reigned in the 3rd century and about whom many myths accreted. In these he is a patron of the FIANNA and the father of GRÁINNE. MORE
  • Cuchulain (or Cú Chulainn) (lived 1st century AD)
    from The Hutchinson Unabridged Encyclopedia with Atlas and Weather Guide
    Legendary Celtic hero. A stupendous fighter in Irish hero-tales, he was the chief figure in a cycle associated with his uncle Conchobar mac Nessa, King of Ulster. While still a little boy, he performed his first great feat by slaying a ferocious hound. As a young man, he single-handedly kept a whole army at bay, and won battles in both the real world and the otherworld, but was slain through a combination of magic and treachery. His most famous exploits were recorded in Taín Bó Cuailnge/The Cattle Raid of Cooley. Cuchulain became a symbolic figure for the Irish cultural revival in the late 19th century, and a bronze statue of him stands in Dublin General Post Office, commemorating the Easter Rising.
  • Cú Chulainn or Cuchulain
    from Britannica Concise Encyclopedia
    In ancient Irish Gaelic literature, a powerful warrior and the central character in the Ulster cycle. The son of the god Lugus and Dechtire, sister of Conchobar mac Nessa, he was the greatest of the warriors loyal to Conchobar. He had seven fingers on each hand, seven toes on each foot, and seven pupils in each eye. He defended Ulster single-handed at 17 against the forces of Medb, queen of Connaught. In times of rage he could become uncontrollable.
  • Fenian Cycle
    From The Macmillan Encyclopedia
    Irish Gaelic tales and ballads of the Fianna, a legendary band of warrior-poets named after their leader, Finn MacCool. MORE
  • Fianna
    From Brewer's Dictionary of Irish Phrase and Fable
    In Irish mythology, a band of superlative warriors led by FIONN MAC CUMHAIL and said to date from 300 bc. MORE
  • Finn Mac Cumhaill
    From The Hutchinson Unabridged Encyclopedia
    Legendary Irish hero, the best-known character in the hero-tales of Ireland, identified with a general who organized an Irish regular army in the 3rd century. MORE
  • Geis
    From Brewer's Dictionary of Irish Phrase and Fable
    In Irish mythology, a magical obligation superseding all other laws and moral imperatives. MORE
  • Mabinogion: Topic Page
    Title given to a collection of medieval Welsh stories. Scholars differ as to the meaning of the word mabinogion. MORE
  • Sidhe
    From Brewer's Dictionary of Irish Phrase and Fable
    The inhabitants of the fairy OTHERWORLD, who in Irish folklore have frequent congress with mortal man. They were also called the Good or Gentle Folk. MORE
  • Tir Na Nog
    From Brewer's Britain and Ireland
    The best of the otherworlds in Irish mythology, where the gods of the Tuatha Dé Danann (the Sidhe or fairies) and the most blessed of mortals stay for ever young. MORE
  • Tuatha de Danann
    From Myths and Legends of the Celts
    Compilers of the Lebor Gabála are characteristically precise in dating the arrival of the Tuatha Dé Danann as thirty-seven years after the Fir Bolg, whom they displace, and 297 years before the Milesians, mortal equivalents of the Irish people. MORE

Loading  Loading...