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Ancient Greece

  • Ancient Greece: Topic Page
    Ancient civilization that flourished 2,500 years ago on the shores of the Ionian and Aegean Seas (modern Greece and the west coast of Turkey). MORE
  • Delian League: Topic Page
    Confederation of Greek city-states under the leadership of Athens. MORE
  • Eleusinian mysteries: Topic Page
    Ceremonies in honour of the Greek deities Demeter, goddess of corn, and her daughter Persephone, queen of the underworld, celebrated in the precincts of the temple of Demeter at Eleusis, in the territory of Athens. MORE
  • Greek architecture: Topic Page
    The art of building that arose on the shores of the Aegean Sea and flourished in the ancient world. MORE
  • Greek art: Topic Page
    Works of art produced in the Aegean basin, a center of artistic activity from very early times. MORE
  • Olympic games: Topic Page
    Held in honor of Zeus in the city of Olympia for four days every fourth summer, the Olympic games were the oldest and most prestigious of four great ancient Greek athletic festivals. MORE
  • Tragedy: Topic Page
    The earliest tragedies were part of the Attic religious festivals held in honor of the god Dionysus (5th cent. B.C.). MORE

Greek Places

  • Acropolis: Topic Page
    The Acropolis of Athens was a ceremonial site beginning in the Neolithic Period. The area was adorned during the time of Cimon and Pericles with some of the world's greatest architectural and sculptural monuments. MORE
  • Athens: Topic Page
    The site was first inhabited about 3000 BC with Athens (named after its patron goddess Athena) as the capital of a united Attica before 700 BC. MORE
  • Delphi: Topic Page
    It was the seat of the Delphic oracle, the most famous and most powerful of ancient Greece. MORE
  • Macedon: Topic Page
    Ancient country, roughly equivalent to the modern region of Macedonia. In the history of Greek culture Macedon had its single significance in producing the conquerors and armies who created the Hellenistic empires and civilizations. MORE
  • Sparta: Topic Page
    City of ancient Greece, capital of Laconia, on the Eurotas (Evrótas) River in the Peloponnesus. MORE
  • The Parthenon: Topic Page
    Temple sacred to Athena, on the acropolis at Athens. Built under Pericles between 447 B.C. and 432 B.C., it is the culminating masterpiece of Greek architecture. MORE

Philosophies and Systems

  • Democracy: Topic Page
    Term originating in ancient Greece to designate a government where the people share in directing the activities of the state, as distinct from governments controlled by a single class, select group, or autocrat. MORE
  • Skepticism: Topic Page
    [Gr.,=to reflect], philosophic position holding that the possibility of knowledge is limited either because of the limitations of the mind or because of the inaccessibility of its object. MORE
  • Stoicism: Topic Page
    School of philosophy which taught that only by putting aside passion, unjust thoughts, and indulgence and by performing duty with the right disposition can people attain true freedom and rule as lords over their own lives. MORE
 

Books

Cover Art
Who's Who in Classical Mythology, Routledge
Contains extensive entries, including detailed entries on all the major gods and heroes, from Athena and Zeus to Achilles, Odysseus and Tarquin and biographical listings of all the key authors, such as Homer.

Cover Art
Meet the Philosophers of Ancient Greece
Everything you always wanted to know about Ancient Greek philosophy but didn't know who to ask.

Cover Art
Who's Who in The Roman World, Routledge
A wide-ranging biographical survey of one of the greatest civilizations in history. The figures represented here come from all walks of Roman life and include some of the most famous - not to mention infamous - figures as well as hitherto little-known, but no less fascinating, characters.

Cover Art
Encyclopedia of Classical Philosophy
The only encyclopedia in English specific to the field of Classical Philosophy, this work presents 270 articles on major and minor figures and on topics of importance to the philosophy of Greek and Roman antiquity.

Ancient Rome

  • Ancient Rome: Topic Page
    Ancient Rome was a civilization based on the city of Rome. It lasted for about 800 years. MORE
  • Latin Language: Topic Page
    Member of the Italic subfamily of the Indo-European family of languages. Latin was first encountered in ancient times as the language of Latium, the region of central Italy in which Rome is located.
  • Roman architecture: Topic Page
    the architecture of the ancient Romans, characterised by rational design and planning, the use of vaulting and concrete masonry, and the use of the classical orders only sporadically for purposes of architectural articulation and decoration. MORE
  • Roman Empire: Topic Page
    from Greenwood Encyclopedia of International Relations
    (1) The Republic: Romans credited the founding of their city, on the banks of the Tiber River, to Romulus c. 753 B.C.E. At first, Rome was one among several city-states on the Italian peninsula and was not a major power even in that region. Toward the end of the sixth century a republic was founded, governed by an aristocracy (patricians) but peopled mainly by a far larger class of ordinary citizens (plebeians), all served by a still larger côterie of slaves—at the height of the later Empire at least 40 percent of the population of Italy was enslaved. In theory, and often also in practice, power was shared by the Aristocratic party of the large estate-owning patricians, which controlled the Senate, and two consuls elected by the plebeians but often also drawn from the educated patrician class.
  • Roman law: Topic Page
    The legal system of Rome from the supposed founding of the city in 753 B.C. to the fall of the Byzantine Empire in A.D. 1453; it was later adopted as the basis of modern civil law. MORE

Roman Places

  • Colosseum: Topic Page
    Also known as the Flavian amphitheatre, the Colosseum in Rome was the largest of the ancient amphitheatres. MORE
  • Pompeii: Topic Page
    Ancient city of S Italy, a port near Naples and at the foot of Mt. Vesuvius. MORE
  • Sardinia: Topic Page
    Rome took possession of the island in 238 BC and formed it into a province. Sardinia was one of the chief sources of the Roman Empire's corn supply; it also produced silver and salt. MORE
  • Sicily: Topic Page
    The largest Mediterranean island and an autonomous region of Italy, divided from the Italian mainland by the Strait of Messina; area 25,708 sq km/9,926 sq mi; population (2001 est) 4,866,200. MORE
  • Vesuvius: Topic Page
    The earliest recorded eruption (A.D. 79) was described by Pliny the Younger in two letters to Tacitus; the eruption buried Pompeii, Herculaneum, and Stabiae under cinders, ashes, and mud. MORE

History

  • Peloponnesian War: Topic Page
    War fought 431-404 BC between Athens and Sparta and their respective allies, involving most of the Greek world from Asia Minor to Sicily and from Byzantium (present-day Istanbul, Turkey) to Crete. MORE
  • Trojan War: Topic Page
    The mythical Trojan War probably reflected a real war (c.1200 B.C.) between the invading Greeks and the people of Troas, possibly over control of trade through the Dardanelles. MORE
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