Useful resources 1Useful Resources 2
PeoplesAncient HistoryEarly HistorySlavery and ColonialismIndependence and After
Middle and Near EastMesopotamian ReligionsClassicalPre-Classical EraNotable PeopleGreek PantheonRoman PantheonAsiaAfrica and EgyptEgyptian PantheonAfrican ReligionsEuropeCeltic MythologyNorse MythologyAmericasMesoamerican ReligionsNative American ReligionsClassics - LiteratureHistoryPhilosophy and ScienceArchitectureMythology
Middle EastAsia
UK GeographyAncient HistoryCeltic MythologyNorman Conquest to RestorationEarly Modern Era20th Century
20th CenturyEnglandFranceFrench Literature and Thought - GeneralPre-17th Century17th and 18th Century19th Century20th CenturyGermanyItalyRussia & Eastern EuropeSpain
Early ChristianityLate AntiquityControversy & CrusadesRenaissance & ReformationEnlightenment & RevivalismModern Era
Judaism - General InformationTerms & Concepts
Country ProfilesGeographyCulture
This is the "African" page of the "History Credo Reference" guide.
Alternate Page for Screenreader Users
Skip to Page Navigation
Skip to Page Content

History Credo Reference  

Last Updated: Nov 14, 2017 URL: http://libguides.warner.edu/HistCredo Print Guide RSS UpdatesEmail Alerts

African Print Page
  Search: 
 

Geography - Features

  • Nile River: Topic Page
    River in Africa, the world's longest, 6,695 km/4,160 mi.
  • Congo River: Topic Page
    Second-longest river in Africa (after the Nile), rising near the border of Zambia and the Democratic Republic of Congo.
  • Zambezi River: Topic Page
    River in central and southeast Africa; length 3,540 km/2,200 mi from northwest Zambia through Mozambique to the Indian Ocean, with a wide delta near Chinde.
  • Suez Canal
    In Encyclopedia of World Trade From Ancient Times to the Present
    Opened in 1869, the Suez Canal connects the Red Sea to the Mediterranean Sea through the narrow isthmus linking Africa to the Middle East.

Regions

  • Sahara Desert: Topic Page
    World's largest desert, c.3,500,000 sq mi, N Africa; the western part of a great arid zone that continues into SW Asia.
  • Kalahari Desert: Topic Page
    Arid to semi-arid desert area, occupying a plateau and forming most of Botswana and extending into Namibia, Zimbabwe, and South Africa.
  • Great Rift Valley: Topic Page
    Geological fault system of SW Asia and E Africa.
  • Cape Horn
    From The Encyclopedia of Tourism and Recreation in Marine Environments
    Cape Horn is the southernmost tip of South America within Chilean territorial waters and is located in the Tierra del Fuego Archipelago.
  • Darfur: Topic Page
    Region and former sultanate, W Sudan. Since 2003 the region has been the scene of fighting. An estimated 50,000 persons have died in the fighting, and another 150,000 have died from disease, hunger, and other causes, and the government and janjaweed have been accused by some of genocide.
  • Sinai Peninsula: Topic Page
    Triangular peninsula, c.23,000 sq mi (59,570 sq km), NE Egypt. Under the Camp David accords (1978) and Egyptian-Israeli peace treaty (1979), Israel returned virtually the whole of Sinai back to Egypt; the process was completed in 1982.

UN Subregions

Regional divisions on this page follow the UN Standard Regional Codes for Statistical Use.

Eastern Africa

  • Burundi: Topic Page
    Republic, 10,747 sq mi (27,834 sq km), E central Africa. Bujumbura is the capital and largest city; Gitega is the only other major town.
  • Comoros: Topic Page
    Country in the Indian Ocean between Madagascar and the east coast of Africa, comprising three islands - Njazidja (Grande Comore), Nzwani (Anjouan), and Mwali (Moheli).
  • Djibouti: Topic Page
    The Republic of Djibouti is a small country on the NE coast of Africa. Djibouti contains the lowest point on the African continent, Lake Assal, at 155m [509ft] below sea level. The capital is also Djibouti.
  • Eritrea: Topic Page
    Republic, c.48,000 sq mi (124,320 sq km), NE Africa. Asmara is the capital and largest city.
  • Ethiopia: Topic Page
    Republic, 471,776 sq mi (1,221,900 sq km), NE Africa. Addis Ababa is the capital and largest city.
  • Kenya: Topic Page
    Republic, 224,960 sq mi (582,646 sq km), E Africa. Nairobi is the capital and largest city.
  • Madagascar: Topic Page
    Republic, 226,658 sq mi (587,045 sq km), in the Indian Ocean. The capital and largest city is Antananarivo.
  • Malawi: Topic Page
    Republic, 45,200 sq mi (117,068 sq km), E central Africa. The capital is Lilongwe; Blantyre is its largest city and commercial capital.
  • Mauritius: Topic Page
    Republic, 790 sq mi (2,046 sq km), in the SW Indian Ocean. It is part of the Mascarene Islands. The capital is Port Louis.
  • Mozambique: Topic Page
    Country in southeast Africa. Capital: Maputo (and chief port). Major towns/cities: Beira, Nampula, Nacala, Chimoio.
  • Rwanda: Topic Page
    Republic, 10,169 sq mi (26,338 sq km), E central Africa. Kigali is the capital and largest town.
  • Réunion: Topic Page
    Island and overseas department of France, c.970 sq mi (2,510 sq km), one of the Mascarene Islands, in the Indian Ocean. Saint-Denis (the capital) and Le Port (the leading port) are the chief cities.
  • Seychelles: Topic Page
    Country in the Indian Ocean. Comprises two distinct island groups: one, the Granitic group, concentrated, the other, the Outer or Coralline group, widely scattered; totals over 100 islands and islets. Capital: Victoria.
  • Somalia: Topic Page
    Country, 246,200 sq mi (637,657 sq km), extreme E Africa. It is directly south of the Arabian peninsula across the Gulf of Aden. Mogadishu is the capital.
  • Tanzania: Topic Page
    Republic, 364,898 sq mi (945,087 sq km), E Africa. The Tanzanian legislature moved to the new capital of Dodoma in 1996, but many government offices still remain in Dar-es-Salaam.
  • Uganda: Topic Page
    Republic, 91,133 sq mi (236,036 sq km), E central Africa. Kampala is Uganda's capital and its largest city.
  • Zambia: Topic Page
    Republic, 290,584 sq mi (752,614 sq km), central Africa. Lusaka is the capital and largest city.
  • Zimbabwe: Topic Page
    A landlocked country in S Africa. Capital: Harare.
 

Restricted Access Note

 The following are restricted to current Warner University students, faculty, and staff.

Log-in: Warner email account.

Middle Africa

  • Angola: Topic Page
    Officially Republic of Angola, including the exclave of Cabinda, 481,351 sq mi (1,246,700 sq km), SW Africa. Luanda is the capital, largest city, and chief port.
  • Cameroon: Topic Page
    Country in west Africa, bounded northwest by Nigeria, northeast by Chad, east by the Central African Republic, south by the Republic of the Congo, Gabon, and Equatorial Guinea. Capital: Yaoundé.
  • Central African Republic: Topic Page
    Republic, 240,534 sq mi (622,983 sq km), central Africa. Bangui is the capital and largest city.
  • Chad: Topic Page
    Republic, 495,752 sq mi (1,284,000 sq km), N central Africa. Ndjamena is the capital and largest city.
  • Congo: Topic Page
    The Republic of Congo lies on the River Congo in w-central Africa. The equator runs through the centre of the country. Capital: Brazzaville.
  • Democratic Republic of the Congo
    From CIA World Factbook
    The Democratic Republic of Congo is Africa's third-largest country. Central Africa, northeast of Angola. Capital: Kinshasa. MORE
  • Equatorial Guinea: Topic Page
    Republic, 10,830 sq mi (28,051 sq km), W central Africa. Malabo, situated on Bioko, is the capital and largest city.
  • Gabon: Topic Page
    Republic, 103,346 sq mi (267,667 sq km), W central Africa. Libreville (the capital) and Port-Gentil, both seaports, are the country's only large cities.
  • São Tomé and Principe: Topic Page
    Republic, 372 sq mi (964 sq km), W Africa, in the Gulf of Guinea. São Tomé is the capital and chief town.

Northern Africa

  • Algeria: Topic Page
    Officially People's Democratic Republic of Algeria, republic, 919,590 sq mi (2,381,741 sq km), NW Africa. Algiers is the capital and largest city.
  • Egypt: Topic Page
    Country in northeast Africa. Capital: Cairo. Major ports: Alexandria, Port Said, Suez, Damietta, Shubra Al Khayma.
  • Libya: Topic Page
    Officially Great Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahirya [state of the masses], republic, 679,358 sq mi (1,759,540 sq km), N Africa. Tripoli is the capital of Libya and its largest city.
  • Morocco: Topic Page
    Country in northwest Africa. Capital: Rabat. Major towns/cities: Casablanca, Marrakesh, Fès, Oujda, Kenitra, Tétouan, Meknès.
  • Sudan: Topic Page
    Republic, 967,494 sq mi (2,505,813 sq km), NE Africa. Khartoum is the capital and Omdurman is the largest city.
  • Tunisia: Topic Page
    Officially Republic of Tunisia, republic, 63,378 sq mi (164,150 sq km), NW Africa. The capital and largest city is Tunis.
  • Western Sahara: Topic Page
    Territory, 102,703 sq mi (266,000 sq km), NW Africa, occupied by Morocco.

Southern Africa

  • Botswana: Topic Page
    Officially Republic of Botswana, republic, 231,804 sq mi (600,372 sq km), S central Africa. Gaborone is the capital and largest city.
  • Lesotho: Topic Page
    Officially Kingdom of Lesotho, kingdom, 11,720 sq mi (30,355 sq km), S Africa. Maseru is the capital and largest city.
  • Namibia: Topic Page
    Republic, c.318,000 sq mi (823,620 sq km), SW Africa. The capital and largest city of Namibia is Windhoek.
  • South Africa: Topic Page
    Country on the southern tip of Africa. Capitals: Cape Town (legislative), Pretoria (administrative), Bloemfontein (judicial).
  • Swaziland: Topic Page
    Kingdom, 6,705 sq mi (17,366 sq km), SE Africa. The capital and largest city is Mbabane.

Western Africa

  • Benin: Topic Page
    The Republic of Benin, formerly called Dahomey, is one of Africa's smallest countries. Capital: Porto-Novo.
  • Burkina Faso: Topic Page
    Republic, 105,869 sq mi (274,200 sq km), W Africa. Ouagadougou is the capital and largest city.
  • Cape Verde: Topic Page

    Republic, c.1,560 sq mi (4,040 sq km), W Africa. It is an archipelago made up of 10 islands and 5 islets.
  • Cote D'Ivoire: Topic Page
    Republic, 124,503 sq mi (322,463 sq km), W Africa. The official capital is Yamoussoukro; the largest city, commercial center, administrative center, and former capital is Abidjan.
  • Gambia
    From CIA World Factbook
    Republic in Western Africa. 11,295 sq km. Almost an enclave of Senegal; smallest country on the continent of Africa. Capital: Banjul.
  • Ghana: Topic Page

    Country in West Africa. Area: 238,540 sq km/92,100 sq miles. Capital: Accra.
  • Guinea: Topic Page
    Republic. Can be divided into four regions: an alluvial coastal plain, which includes the capital, Conakry; the highland region of the Fouta Djallon; the NE savanna; and the SE Guinea Highlands.
  • Guinea-Bissau: Topic Page
    Republic, 13,948 sq mi (36,125 sq km), W Africa. The country includes the nearby Bijagós (Bissagos) Archipelago and other islands. Bissau is the capital and only large city.
  • Liberia: Topic Page
    Republic, 43,000 sq mi (111,370 sq km), W Africa. Monrovia is the capital, largest city, main port, and commercial center. <
  • Mali: Topic Page
    Independent republic, 478,764 sq mi (1,240,000 sq km), the largest country in W Africa. Bamako is the capital and by far the largest city.
  • Mauritania: Topic Page
    Republic, 397,953 sq mi (1,030,700 sq km), NW Africa. Nouakchott is the capital and largest town. Other towns include Atar and Kaédi.
  • Niger: Topic Page
    A landlocked nation in N central Africa. The narrow Niger Valley is the country's most fertile and densely populated region and includes the capital, Niamey.
  • Nigeria: Topic Page
    Republic, 356,667 sq mi (923,768 sq km), W Africa. Abuja is the capital and Lagos is the largest city.
  • Saint Helena: Topic Page
    Island, 47 sq mi (122 sq km), in the S Atlantic Ocean, 1,200 mi (1,931 km) W of Africa. Together with the islands of Ascension and Tristan da Cunha, it comprises the British dependency of St. Helena.
  • Senegal: Topic Page
    Country in West Africa, on the Atlantic Ocean. Bounded north by Mauritania, east by Mali, south by Guinea and Guinea-Bissau, and enclosing the Gambia on three sides. Capital: Dakar.
  • Sierra Leone: Topic Page
    Republic, 27,699 sq mi (71,740 sq km), W Africa. Bordered by the Atlantic Ocean in the west, by Guinea in the north and east, and by Liberia in the south. Freetown is the capital.
  • Togo: Topic Page
    Officially Togolese Republic, republic (2005 est. pop. 5,682,000), 21,622 sq mi (56,000 sq km), W Africa. Lomé is the country's capital and its largest city.
Description

Loading  Loading...

Tip