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Philosophers and Critics


  • Guillaume Apollinaire (1880 - 1918)
    From The Columbia Encyclopedia
    French poet; a leader in the restless period of technical innovation and experimentation in the arts during the early 20th cent.
  • Jean Cocteau (1889 - 1963)
    From France and the Americas
    One of the most versatile, prolific authors of the twentieth century, Jean Cocteau elaborated a personal conception of total art, which he defined in terms of the overarching notion of “poetry”.
  • Paul Eluard (1895 - 1952)
    From The Hutchinson Unabridged Encyclopedia with Atlas and Weather guide
    French poet. He expressed the suffering of poverty in his verse, and was a leader of the surrealists.
  • Tristan Tzara (1896 - 1963)
    From The Crystal Reference Encyclopedia
    French poet and essayist. He first emigrated to Zurich where, during World War 1, he became a founder of the Dada modern art movement.
  • Paul Valéry (1871 - 1945): Topic Page

    French poet and critic. A follower of the symbolists, Valéry was one of the greatest French poets of the 20th cent.

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