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Psychological Disorders Part Two Print Page

Organic Disorders

  • Aphasia
    From Encyclopedia of Special Education
    Everyone with the diagnosis of aphasia has an acquired language disorder, but the type of language disorder and the severity of these difficulties vary.
  • Alzheimer's disease
    Common manifestation of dementia , thought to afflict 1 in 20 people over 65.
  • Mental retardation: Topic Page
    Below average level of intellectual functioning, usually defined by an IQ of below 70 to 75, combined with limitations in the skills necessary for daily living.
  • Dementia
    From The Columbia Encyclopedia
    progressive deterioration of intellectual faculties resulting in apathy, confusion, and stupor. In the 17th cent. the term was synonymous with insanity, and the term dementia praecox was used in the 19th cent. to describe the condition now known as schizophrenia.
  • Delirium
    from The Encyclopedia of Neuropsychological Disorders
    Delirium is an acute cerebral state characterized by disturbed consciousness and cognitive dysfunction, including attention and perception. Furthermore, the disorder can affect sleep, psychomotor activity, and emotions. It is important to note that delirium is not categorized as a disease or disorder but rather a manifestation of an array of potential causes that result in a constellation of symptoms.
  • Parkinson's disease: Topic Page
    Degenerative disease of the brain characterized by a progressive loss of mobility, muscular rigidity, tremor, and speech difficulties. The condition is mainly seen in people over the age of 50.
  • Epilepsy: Topic Page
    A chronic disorder of cerebral function characterized by periodic convulsive seizures. There are many conditions that have epileptic seizures.

Neurotic and Traumatic Disorders

  • Agoraphobia: Topic Page
    Agoraphobia is a psychiatric illness in which individuals are anxious about being in situations where escape may be difficult or embarrassing.
  • Anxiety: Topic Page
    Anticipatory tension or vague dread persisting in the absence of a specific threat. In contrast to fear, which is a realistic reaction to actual danger, anxiety is generally related to an unconscious threat.
  • Dissociative Identity Disorder (DID): Topic Page
    According to conventional definitions, it occurs when an individual acquires separate, multiple identities, some of which may be amnesic for others and some of which may have full awareness of the others.
  • Hysteria: Topic Page
    In psychology, a disorder commonly known today as conversion disorder, in which a psychological conflict is converted into a bodily disturbance.
  • Panic Disorder
    From Encyclopaedic Dictionary of Psychology
    Panic disorder is a condition in which the individual repeatedly experiences unexpected panic attacks, which may involve palpitations, dizziness, shortness of breath, sweating, depersonalization, derealisation and the fear of losing control.
  • Phobias
    From Encyclopaedic Dictionary of Psychology
    A phobia involves intense fear, triggered by the presence or anticipation of a particular stimulus. Many different kinds of phobias have received special names, including acrophobia (fear of heights), agoraphobia (fear of public places), and claustrophobia (fear of confined spaces).
  • Post-traumatic Stress Disorder: Topic Page
    (PTSD), mental disorder that follows an occurrence of extreme psychological stress, such as that encountered in war or resulting from violence, childhood abuse, sexual abuse, or serious accident.

Psychotic Disorders

  • Schizophrenia: Topic Page
    Group of severe mental disorders characterized by reality distortions resulting in unusual thought patterns and behaviors.
  • Psychosis: Topic Page
    In psychiatry, a broad category of mental disorder encompassing the most serious emotional disturbances, often rendering the individual incapable of staying in contact with reality.
  • Catatonia
    From The Columbia Encyclopedia
    Mental state generally characterized by statuesque posturing, muscular immobility, mutism, and apparent stupor. The muscles are held in a pliant state called waxy flexibility, and the catatonic person obediently permits himself to be rearranged into awkward positions that he may subsequently hold for hours.
  • Thought Disorder
    From Encyclopaedic Dictionary of Psychology
    Thought disorder is typically diagnosed when a patient’s speech is incoherent and unintelligible to the listener. Eugen Bleuler, (1911/1950), who coined the term ‘schizophrenia’, believed it to be the consequence of ‘loosening of the associations’, which he argued is a fundamental symptom of the disorder.

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