- Abolitionism: Topic Page
A movement culminating in the late 18th and early 19th centuries that aimed first to end the slave trade, and then to abolish the institution of slavery and emancipate slaves.
- American Civil War: Topic Page
Sometimes called ‘the War Between the States’ or ‘the Second American Revolution’, a conflict in the USA which resolved two great issues: the nature of the Federal Union and the relative power of the states and the central government; and the existence of black slavery. MORE
- Atlantic Slave Trade: Topic Page
A trade in Africa which started in ancient times. Slaves were sent across the Sahara and were traded in the Mediterranean by Phoenicians; Graeco-Roman traders in the Red Sea and beyond traded slaves from E Africa to Egypt and the Middle East.
- Dred Scott Decision: Topic Page
US Supreme Court decision of 1857 which denied ‘blacks’ (African Americans) US citizenship and made slavery legal in all US territories.
- Emancipation Proclamation: Topic Page
In U.S. history, the executive order abolishing slavery in the Confederate States of America.
- Kansas-Nebraska Act: Topic Page
Bill that became law on May 30, 1854, by which the U.S. Congress established the territories of Kansas and Nebraska.
- Knights of the Golden Circle: Topic Page
Secret order of Southern sympathizers in the North during the Civil War. Its members were known as Copperheads.
- Minstrel Shows
From Encyclopedia of the United States in the Nineteenth Century
American minstrel shows consisted of white entertainers who painted their faces black with burnt cork, then in front of large, raucous audiences, parodied the dance, song, and dialect of southern slaves. They played instruments that were associated with plantation music, including fiddles, banjos, tambourines, and the jawbones of animals.
- Slavery: Topic Page
Institution based on a relationship of dominance and submission, whereby one person owns another and can exact from that person labor or other services.
- Uncle Tom's Cabin
From Encyclopedia of Emancipation and Abolition in the Transatlantic World
No book published in the United States during the nineteenth century had as great an impact on American politics and society as the antislavery novel Uncle Tom’s Cabin; or, Life Among the Lowly (1852), written by the New England abolitionist Harriet Beecher Stowe in the decade preceding the U.S. Civil War.
- Underground Railroad: Topic Page
In U.S. history, loosely organized system for helping fugitive slaves escape to Canada or to areas of safety in free states. It was run by local groups of Northern abolitionists, both white and free blacks.
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